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Radha Kunda prakat, snan dan
Wednesday 31 October 2018
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 The appearance anniversary of Radha-kunda, the bathing pond of Srimati Radharani in Vrndavana.

Devotees bathe there especially on midnight of this day.

 

Of the many objects of favored delight and of all the lovable damsels of Vrajabhūmi, Śrīmatī Rādhārāṇī is certainly the most treasured object of Kṛṣṇa's love. And, in every respect, Her divine kuṇḍa is described by great sages as similarly dear to Him. Undoubtedly Rādhā-kuṇḍa is very rarely attained even by the great devotees; therefore it is even more difficult for ordinary devotees to attain. If one simply bathes once within those holy waters, one's pure love of Kṛṣṇa is fully aroused.
 
PURPORT
 
Why is Rādhā-kuṇḍa so exalted? The lake is so exalted because it belongs to Śrīmatī Rādhārāṇī, who is the most beloved object of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. Among all the gopīs, She is the most beloved. Similarly, Her lake, Śrī Rādhā-kuṇḍa, is also described by great sages as the lake that is as dear to Kṛṣṇa as Rādhā Herself. Indeed, Kṛṣṇa's love for Rādhā-kuṇḍa and Śrīmatī Rādhārāṇī is the same in all respects. Rādhā-kuṇḍa is very rarely attained, even by great personalities fully engaged in devotional service, not to speak of ordinary devotees who are only engaged in the practice of vaidhī bhakti.
 
It is stated that a devotee will at once develop pure love of Kṛṣṇa in the wake of the gopīs if he once takes a bath in Rādhā-kuṇḍa. Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī recommends that even if one cannot live permanently on the banks of Rādhā-kuṇḍa, he should at least take a bath in the lake as many times as possible. This is a most important item in the execution of devotional service. Śrīla Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura writes in this connection that Śrī Rādhā-kuṇḍa is the most select place for those interested in advancing their devotional service in the wake of the lady friends (sakhīs) and confidential serving maids (mañjarīs) of Śrīmatī Rādhārāṇī. Living entities who are eager to return home to the transcendental kingdom of God, Goloka Vṛndāvana, by means of attaining their spiritual bodies (siddha-deha) should live at Rādhā-kuṇḍa, take shelter of the confidential serving maids of Śrī Rādhā and under their direction engage constantly in Her service. This is the most exalted method for those engaged in devotional service under the protection of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu. In this connection Śrīla Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura writes that even great sages and great devotees like Nārada and Sanaka do not get an opportunity to come to Rādhā-kuṇḍa to take their baths. What, then, to speak of ordinary devotees? If, by great fortune, one gets an opportunity to come to Rādhā-kuṇḍa and bathe even once, he can develop his transcendental love for Kṛṣṇa, exactly as the gopīs did. It is also recommended that one should live on the banks of Rādhā-kuṇḍa and should be absorbed in the loving service of the Lord. One should bathe there regularly and give up all material conceptions, taking shelter of Śrī Rādhā and Her assistant gopīs. If one is thus constantly engaged during his lifetime, after giving up the body he will return back to Godhead to serve Śrī Rādhā in the same way as he contemplated during his life on the banks of Rādhā-kuṇḍa. The conclusion is that to live on the banks of the Rādhā-kuṇḍa and to bathe there daily constitute the highest perfection of devotional service. It is a difficult position to attain, even for great sages and devotees like Nārada. Thus there is no limit to the glory of Śrī Rādhā-kuṇḍa. By serving Rādhā-kuṇḍa, one can get an opportunity to become an assistant of Śrīmatī Rādhārāṇī under the eternal guidance of the gopīs.
 
(Nectar of Instruction 11, Text and Purport)

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The Origin of Radha-Kunda
 
After killing a bull-demon named Aristasura, Krishna approached Radharani to engage in loving affairs. However, She rebuked Him, stating He was impure because of committing the sin of killing a bull, the symbol of religion. She suggested that to counteract this sin He should bathe in all the sacred rivers.
 
Krishna, being eager to engage in loving affairs with Srimati Radharani, immediately shoved His lotus foot into the ground, making a large hole, and called all the sacred rivers to enter into it. They appeared before Him and formed Shyama-kunda (the bathing place of Shyamaone who is the color of a dark rain cloud).
 
After bathing, Krishna stated that He had become pure by bathing in Shyama-kunda, but that the gopis had become impure, having sided with a demon, even though he appeared in the form of a bull. Radharani, along with some of Her gopi friends, broke their bangles and dug a hole with the broken pieces. But there was no water, so Krishna laughed. The gopis then formed a line to the Manasi Ganga and started to fill the hole with water that was passed from one gopi to another. At that time, all the sacred rivers arrived in person and requested permission to enter into Radharani's kunda, which they did after receiving Radharani's blessing.
 
These two kundas manifested at midnight on Krishnastamithe eighth day of the dark moonin the month of Kartika. Hundreds and thousands of people therefore bathe here at midnight on this day known as Bahulastami.
 
Lord Caitanya Discovers Radha-Kunda
 
"In Caitanya-caritāmṛta (CC Madhya) it is stated that when Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu first visited the area of Vrajabhūmi, He could not at first find the location of Rādhā-kuṇḍa. This means that Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu was actually searching for the exact location of Rādhā-kuṇḍa. Finally He found the holy spot, and there was a small pond there. He took His bath in that small pond and told His devotees that the actual Rādhā-kuṇḍa was situated there. Later the pond was excavated by Lord Caitanya's devotees, headed first by the six Gosvāmīs, such as Rūpa and Raghunātha dāsa. Presently there is a large lake known as Rādhā-kuṇḍa there. Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī has given much stress to Rādhā-kuṇḍa because of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu's desire to find it. Who, then, would give up Rādhā-kuṇḍa and try to reside elsewhere? No person with transcendental intelligence would do so. The importance of Rādhā-kuṇḍa, however, cannot be realized by other Vaiṣṇava sampradāyas, nor can persons uninterested in the devotional service of Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu understand the spiritual importance and divine nature of Rādhā-kuṇḍa. Thus Rādhā-kuṇḍa is mainly worshiped by the Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇavas, the followers of Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa Caitanya Mahāprabhu."
 
(Nectar of Instruction 9, Purport)
 

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By Srila Raghunatha dasa Gosvami
 
(1)
vrsabha-danuja-nasan narma-dharmokti-rangair
nikhila-nija-sakhibhir yat sva-hastena purnam
prakatitam api vrndaranya-rajsa pramodais
tad ati-surabhi radha-kundam evasrayo me
 
"After the killing of Aristasura, Srimati Radhika and Her sakhis exchanged many joking words with Sri Krishna concerning the necessary atonement for one who has committed the offence of killing a bull. As a result, the Queen of Vrindavana, Srimati Radhika, and Her sakhis joyfully excavated and filled Sri Radha Kunda with their own hands. May that immensely fragrant Radha Kunda be my shelter."
 
(2)
vraja-bhuvi mura-satroh preyasinam nikamair
asulabham api turnam prema-kalpa-drumam tam
janayati hrdi bhumau snatur uccair priyam yat
tad ati-surabhi radha-kundam evasrayo me
 
"In the land of the hearts of those who bathe in Radha Kunda, a desire tree of the superlative prema, which is not attainable even for Krishna’s principal queens in Dvaraka, will arise. May that supremely charming Radha Kunda be my shelter."

(3)
agha-ripur api yatnad atra devyah prasada-
prasara-krta-kataksa-prapti-kamah prakamam
anusarati yad ucaaih snana-sevanubandhais
tad ati-surabhi radha-kundam evasrayo me
 
"For the pleasure of Srimati Radhika, even Sri Krishna Himself, yearning to attain Her merciful sidelong glance, regularly bathes in Radha Kunda, carefully observing all the appropriate rituals. May that supremely enchanting Radha Kunda be my shelter."

(4)
vraja-bhuvana-sudhamsoh prema-bhumir nikamam
vraja-madhura-kisori-mauli-ratna-priyeva
paricitam api namna ya ca tenaiva tasyas
tad ati-surabhi radha-kundam evasrayo me
 
"May that supremely enchanting Radha Kunda, which the moon of Vraja, Sri Krishna, loves as much as He loves the crown jewel amongst the sweet girls of Vraja, Srimati Radhika, and which He has made known by the name of Radhika Herself, be my shelter."

(5)
api jana iha kascid yasya seva-prasadaih
pranaya-sura-lata syat tasya gosthendra-sunoh
sapadi kila mad-isa-dasya-puspa-prasasya
tad ati-surabhi radha-kundam evasrayo me

"The mercy obtained by serving Radha Kunda makes the desire creeper of prema for the Prince of Vraja sprout and is celebrated for bearing the flower of service to my Swamini Srimati Radhika. May that supremely charming Radha Kunda be my shelter."
 
(6)
tata-madhura-nikusjah klpta-namana uccair
nija-parijana-vargaih samvibhajyasritas taih
madhukara-ruta-ramya yasya rajanti kamyas
tad ati-surabhi radha-kundam evasrayo me
 
"Gloriously manifest on the banks of Radha Kunda are eight kunjas named after Radhika’s principal sakhis. Acting as stimuli for the amorous pastimes of the Divine Couple, these kunjas are filled with the sweet humming of bumblebees and are desired by everyone. May that supremely enchanting Radha Kunda be the shelter of my life."

(7)
tata-bhuvi vara-vedyam yasya narmati-hrdyam
madhura-madhura-vartam gostha-candrasya bhangya
prathayati mitha isa prana-sakhyalibhih sa
tad ati-surabhi radha-kundam evasrayo me
 
"Situated on an exquisite dais on the bank of Radha Kunda and accompanied by Her beloved sakhis, our Swamini Srimati Radhika charmingly engages in sweet, joking words with Sri Krishna, the moon of Vraja. These playful verbal exchanges are enhanced by the suggestion of so many inuendos. May that Radha Kunda be the shelter of my life."

(8)
anudinam ati-rangaih prema-mattali-sanghair
vara-sarasija-gandhair hari-vari-prapurne
viharata iha yasmin dam-pati tau pramattau
tad ati-surabhi radha-kundam evasrayo me
 
"May that very charming and especially fragrant Radha Kunda, where intoxicated with love the Divine Couple and the sakhis daily sport with great joy in the water so fragrant with exquisite lotus flowers, be the sole shelter of my life."

(9)
avikalam ati devyas caru kundastakam yah
paripathati tadiyollasi-dasyarpitatma
aciram iha sarire darsayaty eva tasmai
madhu-ripur ati-modaih slisyamanam priyam tam
 
"To that devotee who, in a resolute mood of aspiring to serve Srimati Radhika, reads this charming prayer describing Sri Radha Kunda, even in their present body Sri Krishna will quickly grant them darsana of not only His beloved Radhika, but also of Their many variegated amorous pastimes. Witnessing these pastimes and envisioning himself serving Yugala Kisora in various ways, such a devotee will feel immense jubilation."
 
All glories to His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada by whose causeless mercy we have come to know the glories of Sri Radha-Kunda!
 

Compiled by Padmapani das

 

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